andrea moro speaking Andrea Moro's webpage

Work in progress

  • The Impact of Obesity on Wages: the Role of Personal Interactions and Job Selection
    • with Tommaso Tempesti and D. Sebastian Tello-Trillo, December 2017.
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We estimate the effects of obesity on wages accounting for the workers’ sorting into jobs requiring different levels of personal interactions in the workplace. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 combined with detailed information about jobs from O*Net, we find a wage penalty for obese white women. This penalty is higher in jobs that require a high level of personal interactions. Accounting for job selection does not significantly change the estimated wage penalty.
    • External appendix
  • Do Female Executives Make a Difference? The Impact of Female Leadership on Gender Gaps and Firm Performance
    • with Luca Flabbi, Mario Macis and Fabiano Schivardi, April 2017
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We investigate the effects of female executives on gender-specific wage distributions and firm performance. We find that female leadership has a positive impact at the top of the female wage distribution and a negative impact at the bottom. Moreover, the impact of female leadership on firm performance increases with the share of female workers. Our empirical strategy accounts for the endogeneity induced by the non-random assignment of executives to firms by including in the regressions firm fixed effects, by generating controls from a two-way fixed effects regression, and by building instruments based on regional trends. The empirical findings are consistent with a model of statistical dis- crimination where female executives are better equipped at interpreting signals of productivity from female workers. The evidence suggests substantial costs of under-representation of women at the top of the corporate hierarchy.
    • External appendix
    • Citation BibTeX
      Flabbi, Luca, Mario Macis, Andrea Moro, and Fabiano Schivardi (2018). "Do Female Executives Make a Difference? The Impact of Female Leadership on Gender Gaps and Firm Performance." NBER Working Paper #22877.
                            @techreport{flabbi-macis-moro-schivardi-nber-2016,
                             title = "Do Female Executives Make a Difference? The Impact of Female Leadership on Gender Gaps and Firm Performance",
                             author = "Luca Flabbi and Mario Macis and Andrea Moro and Fabiano Schivardi",
                             institution = "National Bureau of Economic Research",
                             type = "Working Paper",
                             series = "Working Paper Series",
                             number = "22877",
                             year = "2016",
                             month = "December",
                             doi = {10.3386/w22877},
                             URL = "http://www.nber.org/papers/w22877"
                            }
                          
  • The Empirical Content of Models with Multiple Equilibria in Economies with Social Interactions
    • with Giorgio Topa and Alberto Bisin, June 2011
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We study a general class of models with social interactions that might display multiple equilibria. We propose an estimation procedure for these models and evaluate its efficiency and computational feasibility relative to different approaches taken to the curse of dimensionality implied by the multiplicity. Using data on smoking among teenagers, we implement the proposed estimation procedure to understand how group interactions affect health-related choices. We find that interaction effects are strong both at the school level and at the smaller friends-network level. Multiplicity of equilibria is pervasive at the estimated parameter values, and equilibrium selection accounts for about 15 percent of the observed smoking behavior. Counterfactuals show that student interactions, surprisingly, reduce smoking by approximately 70 percent with respect to the equilibrium smoking that would occur without interactions.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Bisin, Alberto, Andrea Moro, and Giorgio Topa (2011). "The Empirical Content of Models with Multiple Equilibria in Economies with Social Interactions", NBER Working Paper #17196.
                            @techreport{bisin-moro-topa-nber11,
                             title = "The Empirical Content of Models with Multiple Equilibria in Economies with Social Interactions",
                             author = "Alberto Bisin and Andrea Moro and Giorgio Topa",
                             institution = "National Bureau of Economic Research",
                             type = "Working Paper",
                             series = "Working Paper Series",
                             number = "17196",
                             year = "2011",
                             month = "July",
                             doi = {10.3386/w17196},
                             URL = "http://www.nber.org/papers/w17196"
                             }
                          

Published research

  • Endogenous Comparative Advantage
    • Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Forthcoming 2018 (with Peter Norman)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We develop a model of trade between identical countries. Workers endogenously acquire skills that are imperfectly observed by firms, who therefore use aggregate country investment as the prior when evaluating workers. This creates an informational externality interacting with general equilibrium effects on each country's skill premium. Asymmetric equilibria with comparative advantages exist even when there is a unique equilibrium under autarky. Symmetric, no-trade equilibria may be unstable under free trade. Welfare effects are ambiguous: trade may be Pareto improving even if it leads to an equilibrium with rich and poor countries, with no special advantage to country size.
    • External appendix
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea and Peter Norman (2018). "Endogenous Comparative Advantage", Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/sjoe.12291, 2018
                            @article {moro-norman-sje-2018,
                            author = {Moro, Andrea and Norman, Peter},
                            title = {Endogenous Comparative Advantage},
                            journal = {The Scandinavian Journal of Economics},
                            issn = {1467-9442},
                            url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjoe.12291},
                            doi = {10.1111/sjoe.12291},
                            pages = {n/a--n/a},
                            keywords = {Trade, specialization, human capital, reputation},
                            }
                          
  • The Effect of Job Flexibility on Women Labor Market Outcomes: Estimates from a Search and Bargaining Model
    • Journal of Econometrics 168, 2012, 81-95 (with Luca Flabbi)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      This paper presents and estimates a search model of the labor market where jobs are characterized by wages and work-hours exibility. Flexibility is valued by workers, and is costly to provide for employers. The model generates observed wage distributions directly related to the preference for exibility parameters: the higher the preference for exibility, the wider is the support of the wage distribution at exible jobs and the larger is the discontinuity between the wage distribution at exible and non- exible jobs. Results show that more than one third of women place positive value to exibility, and that reducing the cost of exibility may considerably reduce the gender wage gap.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea and Luca Flabbi(2012)). "The Effect of Job Flexibility on Women Labor Market Outcomes: Estimates from a Search and Bargaining Model", Journal of Econometrics 168, 2012, 81-95
                            @article{moro-flabbi-joe-2012,
                                title={The effect of job flexibility on female labor market outcomes:
                                  Estimates from a search and bargaining model},
                                author={Flabbi, Luca and Moro, Andrea},
                                journal={Journal of Econometrics},
                                volume={168},
                                number={1},
                                pages={81--95},
                                year={2012},
                                publisher={Elsevier}
                            }
                          
  • Theories of Statistical Discrimination and Affirmative Action: A Survey
    • Handbook of Social Economics, Vol. 1A, Chapter 5, (with Hanming Fang)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      This chapter surveys the theoretical literature on statistical discrimination and affi rmative action. This literature suggests different explanations for the existence and persistence of group inequality. This survey highlights such differences and describes in these contexts the effffects of color-sighted and color-blind affrmative action policies, and the efficiency implications of discriminatory outcomes
    • Citation BibTeX
      Fang, Hanming and Andrea Moro (2011). "Chapter 5 - Theories of Statistical Discrimination and Affirmative Action: A Survey." In Benhabib, Jess, Matthew Jackson and Alberto Bisin, editors: Handbook of Social Economics, Vol. 1A, Chapter 5, The Netherlands: North Holland, pp. 133-200
                            @incollection{fang-moro-handbook-2011,
                              title = "Chapter 5 - Theories of Statistical Discrimination and Affirmative
                                Action: A Survey"
                              editor = "Jess Benhabib and Alberto Bisin and Matthew O. Jackson",
                              series = "Handbook of Social Economics",
                              publisher = "North-Holland",
                              volume = "1",
                              number = "Supplement C",
                              pages = "133 - 200",
                              year = "2011",
                              issn = "1570-6435",
                              doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53187-2.00005-X",
                              url = "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978044453187200005X",
                              author = "Hanming Fang and Andrea Moro",
                              keywords = "Affirmative Action, Discrimination"
                            }
                          
  • What Do We Know about Discrimination in Latin America? Very Little!
    • in Hugo Nopo, Alberto Chong, and Andrea Moro (eds.), Discrimination in Latin America. An Economic Perspective, Chapter 1 (with Hugo Nopo and Alberto Chong)
    • More info...
    • Citation BibTeX
      Nopo, Hugo, Alberto Chong, and Andrea Moro (2010). "What Do We Know about Discrimination in Latin America? Very Little!." in Hugo Nopo, Alberto Chong, and Andrea Moro (eds.), Discrimination in Latin America. An Economic Perspective, Inter-American Development Bank and The World Bank Publications, Washington D.C., 2010, Chapter 1, 1-11
                            @incollection{nopo-chong-moro-2010,
                              title = "What Do We Know about Discrimination in Latin America? Very Little!."
                              editor = "Hugo Nopo and Alberto Chong and Andrea Moro",
                              series = "Discrimination in Latin America.
                                An Economic Perspective",
                              publisher = "Inter-American Development Bank and The World Bank Publications",
                              pages = "1-11",
                              year = "2010",
                              url = "https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2694",
                              author = "Hugo Nopo and Alberto Chong and Andrea Moro",
                              keywords = "Discrimination, Latin America"
                            }
                          
  • Statistical Discrimination,
    • The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics online. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume.Palgrave Macmillan, 2009
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      Statistical discrimination is a theory of inequality between demographic groups based on stereotypes that do not arise from prejudice or racial and gender bias.When rational, information-seeking decision makers use aggregate group characteristics, such as group averages, to evaluate individual personal characteristics, individuals belonging to different groups may be treated differently even if they share identical observable characteristics in every other aspect. Discrimination can be the agents’ efficient response to asymmetric beliefs, or discriminatory outcomes may display an element of inefficiency: the disadvantaged group could perform better if beliefs were not asymmetric across groups (but beliefs are asymmetric because the disadvantaged are not performing as well as the dominant group)
  • The Performance of the Pivotal-Voter Model in Small-scale elections: Evidence from Texas Liquor Referenda
    • Journal of Public Economics 92(4), April 2008, 582-96 (with Stephen Coate and Michael Conlin)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      This paper explores the ability of pivotal-voter models to explain voter behavior in small-scale elections using data from Texas liquor referenda. The findings provide little support for the view that pivotal-voter models are a reasonable theory for understanding small-scale elections. Interestingly, this is not because they cannot explain the levels of turnout in the data, but rather because they cannot explain the size of the winning margins. The logic of pivotal-voter models implies that elections must be expected to be close even if there is a significant difference between the sizes of the groups or the intensity of their preferences. With even a relatively small number of eligible voters, elections that are expected to be close ex ante must end up being close ex post. However, in the data, winning margins are often significant.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Coate, Stephen, Michael Conlin, and Andrea Moro (2008). "The Performance of the Pivotal-Vote Model in Small-scale elections: Evidence from Texas Liquor Referenda" Journal of Public Economics 92(4), April 2008, 582-96
                            @article{coate-conlin-moro-jpube-2008,
                              title = {The performance of pivotal-voter models in small-scale elections:
                                Evidence from Texas liquor referenda},
                              author = {Coate, Stephen and Conlin, Michael and Moro, Andrea},
                              year = {2008},
                              journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
                              volume = {92},
                              number = {3-4},
                              pages = {582-596},
                              url = {https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:92:y:2008:i:3-4:p:582-596}
                            }
                          
  • Electoral Design and Voter Welfare from the U.S. Senate: Evidence from a Dynamic Selection Model
    • Review of Economic Dynamics 11(1), January 2008, 1-17 (with by Gautam Gowrisankaran and Matt Mitchell)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      Since 1914, the U.S. Senate has been elected and incumbent senators allowed to run for reelection without limit. This differs from several other elected offices in the U.S., which impose term limits on incumbents. Term limits may harm the electorate if tenure is beneficial or if they force high quality candidates to retire but may also benefit the electorate if they cause higher quality candidates to run. We investigate how changes in electoral design affect voter utility by specifying and structurally estimating a dynamic model of voter decisions. We find that tenure effects for the U.S. Senate are negative or small and that incumbents face weaker challengers than candidates running for open seats. Because of this, term limits can significantly increase voter welfare.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Gowrisankaran, Gautam, Matthew Mitchell, and Andrea Moro (2008). "Electoral Design and Voter Welfare from the U.S. Senate: Evidence from a Dynamic Selection Model." Review of Economic Dynamics 11(1), January 2008, 1-17
                            @article{gowrisankaran-mitchell-moro-red-2008,
                              title = {Electoral Design and Voter Welfare from the U.S. Senate:
                                Evidence from a Dynamic Selection Model},
                              author = {Gowrisankaran, Gautam and Mitchell, Matthew and Moro, Andrea},
                              year = {2008},
                              journal = {Review of Economic Dynamics},
                              volume = {11},
                              number = {1},
                              pages = {1-17},
                              keywords = {Term limits; Incumbency advantage; Elections; Selection; Tenure; Senate},
                              url = {https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:red:issued:06-91}
                            }
                          
  • Persistent Distortionary Policies with Asymmetric Information ,
    • American Economic Review Vol 96(1), March 2006, 387-93 (with Matt Mitchell)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      Why are distortionary policies used when seemingly Pareto improvements exist? According to a standard textbook argument, a Pareto improvement can be obtained by eliminating the distortions, compensating the losers with a lump sum transfer and redistributing the gains that are left over. We relax the assumption that winners know the losses suffered by the losers and show that the informationally efficient method of compensating losers may involve the use of seemingly inefficient (but informationally efficient) distortionary policies. The risk of over-compensating losers may make distortions informationally efficient.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Mitchell, Matthew and Andrea Moro (2006). "Persistent Distortionary Policies with Asymmetric Information", American Economic Review Vol 96(1), March 2006, 387-93
                            @article{mitchell-moro-aer-2006,
                              title = {Persistent Distortionary Policies with Asymmetric Information},
                              author = {Mitchell, Matthew and Moro, Andrea},
                              year = {2006},
                              journal = {American Economic Review},
                              volume = {96},
                              number = {1},
                              pages = {387-393},
                              url = {https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:96:y:2006:i:1:p:387-393}
                            }
                          
  • A General Equilibrium Model of Statistical Discrimination,
    • Journal of Economic Theory 114 (1), January 2004, 1-30 (with Peter Norman)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We study a general equilibrium model with endogenous human capital formation in which ex ante identical groups may be treated asymmetrically in equilibrium. The interaction between an informational externality and general equilibrium effects creates incentives for groups to specialize, and discrimination may arise even if the corresponding model with a single group has a unique equilibrium. The dominant group gains from discrimination, rationalizing why a majority may be reluctant to eliminate discrimination. The model is also consistent with "reverse discrimination'' as a remedy against discrimination since it may be necessary to decrease the welfare of the dominant group to achieve parity.
    • External appendix
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea and Peter Norman (2004). "A General Equilibrium Model of Statistical Discrimination", Journal of Economic Theory 114 (1), January 2004, 1-30
                          	@article{moro-norman-jet-2004,
                              title = "A general equilibrium model of statistical
                               discrimination",
                              journal = "Journal of Economic Theory",
                              volume = "114",
                              number = "1",
                              pages = "1 - 30",
                              year = "2004",
                              issn = "0022-0531",
                              doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0531(03)00165-0",
                              url = "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053103001650",
                              author = "Andrea Moro and Peter Norman",
                              keywords = "Statistical discrimination, Inequality, Specialization, Human capital"
                          	}
      										
  • Empirical Implications of Statistical Discrimination on the Returns to Measures of Skill
    • Annales d'Économie et de Statistique 71-72, July-December 2003, 399-417 (with Peter Norman)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      This paper investigates how lack of information may bias the investigator's assessment of the presence of statistical discrimination. We show that the nature of the bias is such that statistical discrimination may be rejected in a Mincerian regression even when the data is generated from an equilibrium with statistical discrimination. This may occur even when the investigator has a more informative signal of productivity the employers have.
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea and Peter Norman (2003). "Empirical Implications of Statistical Discrimination on the Returns to Measures of Skill." Annales d'Économie et de Statistique 71-72, July-December 2003, 399-417
                             @article{moro-norman-ann-2003,
                                author={Andrea Moro and Peter Norman},
                                title={Empirical Implications of Statistical Discrimination on the Returns to Measures of Skill},
                                journal={Annals of Economics and Statistics},
                                year=2003,
                                volume={},
                                number={71-72},
                                pages={377-398},
                                month={},
                                keywords={},
                                doi={},
                                url={https://annals.ensae.fr/wp-content/uploads/pdf/n7172/vol7172-19.pdf
                            }
                          
  • The Effect of Statistical Discrimination on Black-White Wage Inequality: Estimating a Model with Multiple Equilibria
    • International Economic Review 44 (2), May 2003, 467-500
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      This paper presents the structural estimation of a statistical discrimination model. Although the model is capable of displaying multiple equilibria, an estimation strategy that identifies both the parameters of the model and the equilibrium chosen by the economic agents is developed and empirically implemented. A comparison between the equilibria that were selected in the economy over time and the other potential equilibria reveals that the decline in wage inequality experienced in the U.S. economy in the last thirty years cannot be attributed to changes in the equilibrium selection.
    • Omitted computations
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea (2003). "The Effect of Statistical Discrimination on Black-White Wage Inequality: Estimating a Model with Multiple Equilibria" International Economic Review 44 (2), May 2003, 467-500
                            @article{moro-ier-2003,
                              title={The effect of statistical discrimination on black--white wage inequality: estimating a model with multiple equilibria},
                              author={Moro, Andrea},
                              journal={International Economic Review},
                              volume={44},
                              number={2},
                              pages={467--500},
                              year={2003},
                              publisher={Wiley Online Library}
                            }
                          
  • Affirmative Action in a Competitive Economy
    • Journal of Public Economics 87 (3-4), March 2003, 567-594 (with Peter Norman)
    • More info...
    • Abstract
      We consider a model of endogenous human capital formation with competitively determined wages. In the presence of two distinguishable, but ex ante identical groups of workers, we show that discrimination is sustainable in equilibrium, even if the corresponding model with a single group of workers has a unique equilibrium. An affirmative action policy consisting of a quota may ``fail'' in the sense that there still may be equilibria where groups are treated differently. However, the incentives to invest for agents in the discriminated group are improved by affirmative action if the initial equilibrium is the most discriminatory equilibrium in the model without the policy. The welfare effects are ambiguous. We demonstrate that it is possible that the policy makes the intended beneficiaries worse off: even if the starting point is the most discriminatory equilibrium the expected payoff may decrease for all agents in the target group
    • Citation BibTeX
      Moro, Andrea and Peter Norman (2003). "Affirmative Action in a Competitive Economy" Journal of Public Economics 87 (3-4), March 2003, 567-594
                            @article{moro-norman-jpube-2003,
                              title={Affirmative action in a competitive economy},
                              author={Moro, Andrea and Norman, Peter},
                              journal={Journal of Public Economics},
                              volume={87},
                              number={3},
                              pages={567--594},
                              year={2003},
                              publisher={Elsevier}
                            }
                          
  • Dynamics of Demographic Development and its Impact on Personal Savings: Case of Japan
    • Research in Economics 49, 1995, 179-205 (with by Albert Ando, Juan Pablo Cordoba, and Gonzalo Garland)
    • More info...
    • Citation BibTeX
      Ando, Albert, Juan Pablo Cordoba, Gonzalo Garland, and Andrea Moro (1995). "Dynamics of Demographic Development and its Impact on Personal Savings: Case of Japan" Research in Economics 49, 1995, 179-205
                            @article{ando1995dynamics,
                              title={Dynamics of demographic development and its impact on personal saving: case of Japan},
                              author={Ando, Albert and Moro, Andrea and Cordoba, Juan Pablo and Garland, Gonzalo},
                              journal={Ricerche Economiche},
                              volume={49},
                              number={3},
                              pages={179--205},
                              year={1995},
                              publisher={Elsevier}
                            }
                          

Contact me

Andrea Moro
Department of Economics, Vanderbilt university
VU Station B #351819
Nashville, TN 37212

Office phone : +1 615 343 1516
Econ dept fax : +1 615 343 8495

Email: andrea at andreamoro dot net

Follow this link if you are looking for Andrea Moro, the italian linguist